- Yama, which has to do with how to relate to the outside world.Yama consists of five prohibitions: Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya(non-illusion or truth), Asteya (non-covetousness), Brahmacharya(abstinence) and Aparigraha (non-possessiveness).
- Niyama, ways to relate to one’s inner self. Niyama requiresShaucha (cleanliness, both physical and mental), Santosha(satisfaction with one’s self and possessions), Tapas (bodily and mental discipline), Svadhyaya (study of the Vedas, Hinduism’s oldest scriptures), and Ishvarapranidhana (surrender to God).
- Asana, or the practice of yoga postures.
- Pranayama, or the control of the life force and life energies (known as prana). Usually practiced in the form of breath control.
- Pratyahara, or withdrawal from physical stimulus.
- Dharana, or the practice of concentrating attention. Focuses of attention often include the Anja Chakra, or “third eye,” a spot between the eyebrows on the forehead, or a mental image of a diety.
- Dhyana, or meditation.
- Samadhi, the state of oneness with the object of meditation, in which the self and the object (a deity, a candle flame or some other focus), merge.